https://cola.unh.edu/sites/.../student.../5_SPECTRUM_Christopher.pdfMaya, and its role as noteworthy political currency appears to increase by Late
Classic times ... archaeological ceramics from household contexts in Puerto
Escondido, Honduras and dates to ca. .... spouted vessels are undecorated, but
sometimes they contain anthropomorphic faces or zoomorphic figures ..... Stuart,
Barraca Brown bottle form
www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov › ... › PubMed Central (PMC)Traducir esta página16 nov. 2007 - Barraca Brown bottle from northern Honduras. This vessel is of the same type and form as sample 4DK-136. The bottle is from the collection of ...
https://cola.unh.edu/.../5_SPECTRUM_Christopher.p...Traducir esta páginacacao was being used in distinctive bottles and spouted “chocolate pots” as early as the ... Barraca Brown bottle form of sample 4DK-136 from Puerto Escondidio.
The most recent positive sample (8K-31), from a spouted bottle in the famous Playa de los Muertos style (Fig. 2), confirms the earliest previous evidence of cacao use in the Middle Formative period (7, 8). A radiocarbon sample from the same excavation context has an intercept at 380 calibrated years (cal) B.C.; bracketing samples from immediately earlier and later stratigraphic contexts have intercepts at 370 cal B.C. and 360/290/230 cal B.C.
The 10 earlier samples–sherds from small, carefully decorated bowls, jars, and bottles from deposits dating to the earlier part of the Early Formative period–extend the history of cacao use at least 500 years farther into the past. The Chotepe phase (ca. 1100–900 B.C.) samples were excavated in contexts that yielded artifacts associated with a pan-Mesoamerican interaction sphere. Samples from contexts 4DL-107, 4DC-104, 4DC-116, and 4DC-118 date between 1000 and 900 B.C. based on calibrated radiocarbon dates associated with stratigraphically equivalent excavation units that produced similar pottery. Samples from contexts 4DC-23, 4DM-17, and 4DC-130 are stratigraphically earlier; bracketing calibrated radiocarbon dates from the same excavation area suggest a date between 1050 and 1000 B.C.
Sample 4DK-136, a spouted bottle from the preceding Ocotillo phase (ca. 1400–1100 B.C.), provides the earliest evidence of cacao use from anywhere in the world. Radiocarbon dates from underlying stratigraphic units suggest a date late in the Ocotillo phase, after 1150 B.C. The form of the bottle (Fig. 3) is quite different from that of Middle Formative sample, 8K-31, with its separate spout and flaring neck. Evidently cacao serving was different in this earlier period. Ocotillo-phase pottery is closely related to vessels from the Pacific Coast region of El Salvador, Guatemala, and Mexico, indicating that the people of Puerto Escondido already maintained close connections with distant communities.